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Resolution on
“the role of Parliaments in the processes of national reconciliation
and in preserving and strengthening social cohesion


The African Parliamentary Union, meeting at its 29th Conference in Bujumbura (Republic of Burundi) on November 27 and 28, 2006,

considering the crucial role which should be played by the Parliaments in laying the foundation of a social and economic policy which strengthens trust between citizens,

aware that national reconciliation is a long drawn-out process which is followed by the strengthening of national cohesion,

considering that reconciliation is essential tool for restoring and strengthening peace and security following the breach of harmonious relationships, which often manifests itself in armed conflicts, in the case of civil wars or in violence against the State or the society on the part of armed groups,

affirming that Parliaments are essential instruments for the peaceful settlement of  

convinced that there is not only one single way to achieve reconciliation,

emphasizing that national reconciliation requires the participation of all the people,

reaffirming the primordial role of women and young people  being sensitive groups in the creation of peace,

emphasizing that reconciliation is fully expressed  through the respect for human rights and democratic values,

affirming that a Parliament representing diverse component of the society is a key factor to reinforce the reconciliation process,

aware, on the one hand, that due to poverty, unemployment and corruption impede the full development of democracy and on the other hand, the need for the achievement  of national reconciliation and social cohesion,

convinced that democracy and good governance are essential for settling conflicts permanently,

considering that a parliament established through democratic,  free and transparent elections inescapably reinforces the national cohesion,

affirming that national reconciliation should be founded on mutual respect, equality, tolerance and mutual solidarity among citizens,

aware of the role of Parliaments in the fortification of democratic values and the national cohesion,

emphasizing the significance of the values of National history and cultural values of a society as a factor of national cohesion,

convinced that without the true consolidation of peace through national reconciliation, economic and social development as well as the efforts of modernisation in the countries concerned will not yield the results expected,

emphasizing that conflicts in Africa must be resolved without foreign interference and in the respect of the sovereignty of African countries,

reaffirming its Resolutions, in particular on :

    • “the prevention of conflicts and the achievement of peace in the continent”, adopted at its 21st Conference on (Niamey, August 1998)
    • “the role of parliament in the consolidation of democracy and the strengthening of confidence between the people and their institutions”, adopted at its 23rd Conference (Addis Ababa, November 2000)
    • “the role of parliaments in the promotion of peace on the African continent”  adopted at its 25th Conference on (Khartoum, October 2002)
    • “the promotion of good governance: role of African parliaments”,  adopted at its 27th Conference, (Algiers, November 2004)
    • “the strengthening of democracy with a view to preserving peace in Africa” adopted at its 28th  Conference (Brazzaville, November 2005)


recalling the Resolution of the Inter-Parliamentary Union adopted at its 110th Assembly (Mexico, April 2004) titled: “Deepening parliamentary democracy to protect human rights and foster reconciliation among the people and partnership among nations”

  1. invites Parliaments to adopt legislative measures that are likely to guarantee a democratic environment, on the one hand,  and promote the system of good governance that should characterise the rule of law  on the other hand

  2. recommends Parliaments to support the process of national reconciliation, especially by ensuring:
    • the respect for the rule of law which should always be applied in all fairness;
    • the follow-up of post-conflict situations and attendant measures for the control of light weapons, disarmament, demobilisation and re-integration;
    • the resettlement and rehabilitation of returnees and displaced people

    • the establishment of a judicial system that is independent, impartial, competent and efficient;
    • the encouragement of professional private media to spread the values of democracy and tolerance;
  3. encourages Parliaments to always support national consensus on the means to achieve true national reconciliation,

  4. asks Parliaments to oversee closely the national reconciliation process especially   concerning justice and compensation measures and national solidarity,

  5. asks Parliaments to include the process of national reconciliation in their programme of work so as to assess the advances made and correct, when needed, the weaknesses; in this respect, Parliaments will receive regularly reports from organisations in charge of  reconciliation process,

  6. urges Parliaments to strengthen social cohesion by meeting the needs of the peoples, especially in terms of education and health, through the allocation of sufficient budget  resources,

  7. asks Parliaments to act so as to foster and reinforce confidence in order to promote understanding and dialogue at the local and national levels, which would sustain reconciliation efforts,

  8. encourages parliamentarians, in the framework of their political activities, both at the level of their constituencies and at the national level, to undertake actions that help to promote participation of the population in the political life,

  9. recommends Parliaments to ensure that the programmes of education include the   teaching of tolerance, human rights, the culture of peace and everything that helps understanding and national cohesion,

  10. asks Parliaments to lay down laws about the fight against corruption in order to fortify the rule of law and good governance,

  11. highlights the need to institute policy on the sharing out of the country’s wealth and earnings to fight poverty, on the one hand,  and an employment policy targeting the young people in particular, on the other hand,

  12. affirms that an efficient struggle against all forms of discrimination helps to preserve and make stronger the national cohesion,

  13. highlights the need for the decentralisation of powers in order to bring the administration closer to the population and better cater for their needs at the local level,

  14. asks Parliaments to take legislative and other measures aimed at paying special attention to women and young people in order to make them key players in national reconciliation and conflicts prevention.

  15. Decides also that African countries give their support to the African Union so as to maintain peace in the conflict zones in Africa, and this in order to avoid any foreign interference

  16. exhorts Parliaments to ratify regional and international instruments pertaining to the struggle against corruption, human rights and international humanitarian law so as to make the state of law progress.  




Contact: African Parliamentary Union P.O. Box V 314 Abidjan - Cote d'Ivoire Tel.: (225) 20 30 39 70 to 74 (225) 20 30 39 79